What is Hospitality?
Hospitality is when a host makes accommodations for a guest. The guest could be at a restaurant, a hotel, or even your home. And the host is typically in charge of seeing that all of the guest’s needs are met. These accommodations could be in the form of meals, refreshments, a place to sleep and possibly entertainment.
The Hospitality Industry
The hospitality industry is divided into four separate segments. They are:
1) Food and Beverage
2) Travel and Tourism
The food and beverage segment includes restaurants, food trucks, cafeterias, and food stands. Basically, any foodservice operation which provides food to the public.
The travel and tourism segment includes cruises, airplanes, resorts. And any company, agency or service which caters to travelers.
The lodging segment includes hotels, hostels, a bed, and breakfast, or any type of bed to sleep in. Even a military barracks or prison/jail cell would qualify.
The recreation segment is very broad and includes amusement parks, theatre, parks, camping, hiking, touring and more. This list is long.
Hospitality management is the study of the hospitality industry. A hospitality manager is tasked with overseeing the daily functions of resort, hotel or casino. There are several positions that a hospitality manager may serve. And sometimes the same position can be called a hotel manager or hospitality and tourism manager.
In the United States hospitality and tourism management training has a similar curriculum as that of a business degree, but with a focus on tourism development and hospitality management.
Some subject areas include accounting, administration, finance, information systems, marketing, human resource management, public relations, strategy, quantitative methods, and sectoral studies in the various areas of hospitality business.
Many jobs in the hospitality industry only require a high school diploma or less. But of course, the higher-paying jobs require a degree. The hospitality management degree is similar to a business management degree in many ways. But with a greater emphasis on lodging, restaurants and the tourism industry.
Associates degree in hospitality management can be earned in two years. This course will focus on business management with a few electives for hospitality. Getting an associates degree is a great way to get started. Often times people will begin here, then after they become more familiar with the industry, they can then focus on a field that best for them.
A bachelors degree takes four years to earn but can open up even more opportunities. The base of this program is similar to that of an associates degree, with an emphasis on accounting and finance. In addition, there will be a study in personal relations, marketing and information software which is designed to assist with the management of complex systems.
Beyond a bachelors degree are masters and doctoral degrees. At this level of hospitality management students will focus on specific areas of hospitality and tourism.