Biological Toxins

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Biological Toxins

1 / 30

What are some common neurological symptoms associated with consuming Biological Toxins?

2 / 30

When can shellfish become contaminated with biological toxins?

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What is Histamine Toxin?

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Biological contamination is more common than chemical or physical contamination. What are some examples of biological contaminants?

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Which fish may contain bacteria that produce histamine toxins if the fish is time-temperature abused?

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Which seafood toxin can fish become contaminated with by eating smaller fish that have eaten the toxin?

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What neurological symptom may be experienced by someone with a foodborne illness caused by seafood toxins?

8 / 30

Why is purchasing plants, mushrooms, and seafood from approved, reputable suppliers critical to preventing illness from biological toxins?

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What is a critical way to prevent foodborne illness from biological toxins?

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How can fungi cause foodborne illness?

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Ciguatera Toxin is a seafood toxin linked to barracuda, snapper, grouper, and amberjack fish. Which of these statement are true about Ciguatera Toxin?

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A person with a foodborne illness caused by seafood toxins may experience any of these symptoms:

• Hives
• Diarrhea
• Vomiting
• Heart palpitations
• Difficulty breathing
• Flushing of the face
• Burning in the mouth
• Neurological symptoms

When does a person begin experiencing symptoms (onset-time) after consuming a seafood toxin?

13 / 30

What kind of biological contaminant can come from one of these foods?

• Plants
• Mushrooms
• Seafood

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Which large fish can become contaminated with biological toxins after they eat smaller fish that have consumed the toxin?

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Fish do NOT produce Histamine, but these fish could be contaminated with pathogens that do:

• Tuna
• Bonito
• Mackerel
• Mahi Mahi

If a fish is contaminated with pathogens that produce Histamine, when will they produce it?

16 / 30

What medical conditions can be caused by aflatoxins produced by some molds?

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What do some fungi (mold, mushrooms) naturally produce that can cause foodborne illness?

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Which statements describe a toxin mediated infection?

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Where do Biological Toxins come from?

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Which of these are neurological symptoms associated with consuming Biological Toxins?

21 / 30

Which is true about where Biological Toxins like Seafood Toxins come from?

22 / 30

Why do mushrooms need to be purchased from approved, reputable suppliers?

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Sometimes, big fish become contaminated with Ciguatera Toxin after eating smaller fish that have been eating toxic algae. Which fish can become infected this way?

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Biological toxins cannot be destroyed by freezing or cooking so its best to avoid them by purchasing from approved, reputable suppliers. Which of these seafood toxins does this apply to?

25 / 30

The onset-time is how long it takes for the symptoms of an illness to begin. Many people start experiencing these symptoms within minutes of consuming seafood toxins:

• Vomiting
• Diarrhea
• Flushing of the face
• Difficulty breathing
• Burning in the mouth
• Heart palpitations
• Hives
• Neurological symptoms

What neurological symptoms may occur after eating fish contaminated with seafood toxins?

26 / 30

What kind of biological contaminant is a natural poison produced by some plants, mushrooms, and seafood?

27 / 30

What biological contaminant cannot be destroyed by cooking or freezing?

28 / 30

What can be transferred to food if equipment and utensils are NOT cleaned and sanitized between uses?

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How can illness from Biological Toxins be prevented?

30 / 30

Which seafood toxin is produced by pathogens in the fish during time-temperature abuse?